List, IR Graduate Exam
of Chicago, Department of Political Science
Exam Reading List (updated in July 2004) is composed by University of
Chicago political science faculty specializing in international relations.
I am administering the exam during 2004-5 and have coordinated the revised
reading list, based on faculty recommendations.
reading list has three components.
- First, the main journals in the field.
Students should familiarize themselves with important articles and debates,
as they appear in the most prominent IR journals over the past four
or five years.
- Second, a selected list of each IR faculty
member's own works. I have also included Alex Wendt's work on this
faculty list since many current students have studied with him.
- Finally, a general list of
books and articles to read in three main areas: IR
theory, security, and international
political economy (excluding works by UC faculty and recent journal
articles, since those are already covered in items I and II). These
three sections parallel the three sections of the exam, on theory, security,
You are NOT expected to read all these books and journals. Quite the contrary.
You should pick and choose among the important works, theories, and arguments.
for the Exam: What Should Your Read?
While you should aim for broad coverage, it is even more important to
give yourself time to reflect, to develop your own views and critique.
The scholarly value of preparing for the exam is that you have a chance
to think seriously about a range of key issues. Remember that the exam
will not focus on minor issues or secondary articles. It will cover big
theoretical arguments and big policy questions (and may cover any such
issue in the field). If policy issues come up, it is crucial to understand
their connection to theoretical issues.
These readings are intended as a useful guide, not a definitive list
of the literature you should read. In fact, one of the most important
aspects of preparing for the exam is to determine which issues galvanize
the field and which debates are the most significant. YOU need to make
that determination. That is an integral part of preparation for the exam.
Your goal should be to select readings that probe these issues and then
develop your own reasoned perspectives.
Prominent Journals in International Relations
review leading journals over the past few years, focusing on important
articles and debates
|American Political Science Review
||European J. of Int. Relations
||Journal of Conflict Resolution
|International Studies Quarterly
||Review of International Studies
Selected Works by UC Faculty in IR
member has listed a few important pieces for students to read
- The Sanctions Paradox: Economic Statecraft and International
Relations (Cambridge, 1999).
- "Bargaining, Enforcement, and Multilateral Economic Sanctions:
When is Cooperation Counterproductive?" International Organization
54 (Winter 2000), 73-102.
- "Globalization and Policy Convergence." International Studies
Review 3 (Spring 2001), 53-78.
- Reliable Partners: How Democracies Have Made a Separate Peace
- "Why Are Some International Agreements
Organization 45 (Autumn
- "International Cooperation in Economic
and Security Affairs," World Politics, 37 (October 1984),
- Tragedy of Great Power Politics (W.W. Norton, 2001).
- "Back to the Future: Instability in Europe After the Cold War,"
International Security 15 (Summer 1990), 5-56.
- "The False Promise of International Institutions," International
Security 19 (Winter 1994/1995), 5-49.
- Bombing to Win: Air Power and Coercion in War (Cornell,
- "The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism," APSR
73 (August 2003), 343-61.
- "Costly International Moral Action: Britain's Sixty-Year
Campaign against the Atlantic Slave Trade," co-authored with Chaim
Kaufmann, International Organization 53 (Autumn 1999),
- "Why Economic
Sanctions Do Not Work, International Security 22 (Fall
- "Rational Choice and International Relations," in
Walter Carlsnaes, Thomas Risse and Beth Simmons (eds.). Handbook
of International Relations (Sage, 2002), 73-94.
- "Hard and Soft Law in International Governance," co-authored
with Kenneth Abbott, International Organization, 53 (Summer,
- "Why States Act through Formal International Organizations,"
co-authored with Kenneth Abbott, Journal of Conflict Resolution,
42 ( February 1998), 3-32.
- Rational Design of International Institutions,
ed. by Barbara Koremenos, Charles
Lipson, and Duncan Snidal (Cambridge, 2004).
- Social Theory of International Politics (Cambridge, 1999).
- "Rationalism and Constructivism in International Relations
Theory," co-authored with James Fearon, in Walter Carlsnaes,
Thomas Risse, and Beth Simmons, eds., Handbook of International
Relations Theory (Sage, 2002).
- "Why a World State is Inevitable," European Journal
of International Relations 9 (2003), 491-542.
- "On Constitution and Causation in International Relations,"
Review of International Studies 24 special issue (1998),
- "Anarchy Is What States Make of It", International
Organization 46 (1992), 391-425.
- Robert Axelrod, Evolution of Cooperation
- David Baldwin, ed., Neorealism and Neoliberalism
- Geoffrey Blainey, The Causes of War,
3rd ed. (Free Press, 1988).
- Michael Brown et al., eds., Debating the
Democratic Peace (MIT, 1996).
- Hedley Bull, Anarchical Society (Columbia,
1995), either edition is fine.
- Tom Christensen and Jack Snyder, "Chain
Gangs and Passed Bucks," International Organization 44 (1990),
- Dale Copeland, The Origins of Major War (Cornell,
- James Fearon, "Bargaining, Enforcement,
and International Cooperation." International Organization
52 (Spring 1998), 269-306.
- James Fearon, "Rationalist Explanations
for War," International Organization 49 (Summer 1995), 379-414.
- Martha Finnemore, National Interests in International
Society (Cornell, 1996).
- Robert Gilpin, Challenge of Global Capitalism
- Robert Gilpin, US Power and the Multinational
Corporation (Basic, 1975).
- Robert Gilpin, War and Change in World Politics
- Charles Glaser and Chaim Kaufmann, "What
is the Offense-Defense Balance? International Security 22 (Spring
- Charles Glaser, "Realists as Optimists:
Cooperation as Self-Help," International Security 19 (Winter
- Lloyd Gruber, Ruling the World (Princeton,
- Stephen Haggard and Beth Simmons, "Theories
of International Regimes," International Organization 41
(Summer 1987), 491-518.
- Samuel Huntington, Clash of Civilizations
and the Remaking of World Order (Simon & Schuster, 1996).
- Alastair Iain Johnston, Cultural Realism
- John Ikenberry, After Victory (Princeton,
- John Ikenberry, ed., America Unrivalled (Cornell,
- Robert Jervis, "Cooperation Under the Security
Dilemma," World Politics 30 (1978), 167-214.
- Peter Katzenstein, Culture of National Security
- Margaret Keck and Katherine Sikkink, Activists
Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics (Cornell,
- Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye, Power and
Interdependence, multiple editions.
- Robert Keohane, After Hegemony (Princeton,
- Robert Keohane, "The Demand for International
Regimes" in Krasner, ed., International Regimes (Cornell,
- Robert Keohane, ed., Neorealism and Its Critics
- Friedrich Kratochwil and Rey Koslowski, "Understanding
Change in International Politics: The Soviet Empire's Demise and the
International System" International Organization 48 (Spring,
- Stephen D. Krasner, ed. International Regimes
- Stephen D. Krasner, “Global Communications and
National Power: Life on the Pareto Frontier,” World Politics
43 (April 1991), 336-56
- Stephen D. Krasner, Sovereignty: Organized
Hypocrisy (Princeton, 1999).
- David Lake and Robert Powell, Strategic Choice
and International Relations (Princeton, 1999).
- Jeffrey W. Legro and Andrew Moravcsik, "Is
Anybody Still a Realist?" International Security 24 (Fall
- Helen Milner, Interests, Institutions, Information
- Andrew Moravcsik, "Taking Preferences Seriously,"
International Organization 51 (Autumn 1997), 513-53.
- Andrew Moravcsik, The Choice for Europe (Cornell,
- Hans Morgenthau, Politics among Nations,
multiple editions (earlier ones have a clearer overall argument).
- James D. Morrow, ""Modelling the Forms
of International Cooperation: Distribution Versus Information,"
International Organization 48 (1994), 387-423.
- Kenneth Oye, ed., Cooperation Under Anarchy
- Robert Powell, In the Shadow of Power (Princeton,
- Richard Rosecrance, Rise of the Trading State
- John Ruggie, Constructing the World Polity
- Bruce Russett, Controlling the Sword (Harvard,
- Bruce Russett, Grasping the Democratic Peace
- Paul Schroeder, "Historical Reality versus
Neorealist Theory," International Security 19 (Summer 1994),
- Randall Schweller, "Bandwagoning for Profit:
Bringing the Revisionist State Back In,” International Security
19 (1994), 72-107.
- Randall Schweller, "Neorealism's Status
Quo Bias: What Security Dilemma?" Security Studies 5 (Spring
- Hendrik Spruyt, The Sovereign State and Its
Competitors (Princeton, 1994).
- Nina Tannenwald, "Nuclear Taboo: The United
States and the Normative Basis of Nuclear Non-Use," International
Organization 53 (Summer 1999), 433-68.
- Stephen Van Evera, Causes of War (Cornell,
- Stephen Walt, Origins of Alliances (Cornell,
- Kenneth Waltz, Theory of International Politics
- Kenneth Waltz, Man, the State, and War (Columbia,
- William Wohlforth, "The Stability of a
Unipolar World," International Security
24 (Summer 1999), 5-41
Unofficial List, Security studies: highly
recommended (UC student list 2004)
- Baldwin, David. 1997. "The Concept of
Security." Review of International Studies 23:5- 26.
- Brodie, Bernard. 1959. "The Wish for
Total solutions: Preventive War, Pre-emptive Attack, and Massive Retaliation."
In Strategy in the Missile Age.
- Buzan, Barry, Ole Wæver, and Jaap de
Wilde. 1998. Security: A New Framework for Analysis. London:
Lynne Rienner Publishers.
- Campbell, David. 1998. Writing Security:
United States Foreign Policy and the Politics of Identity. Rev.
Ed. ed. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
- Copeland, Dale C. 1996. "Neorealism and
the Myth of Bipolar Stability: Toward a New Dynamic Realist Theory
of Major War." Security Studies 5 (3):29-89.
- Knudsen, Olaf F. 2001. "Post-Copenhagen
Security Studies." Security Dialogue 32 (3):355-368.
- Levy, Jack. 1985. "Theories of General
War." World Politics 37 (3):344-374.
- Ruggie, John G. 1997. "Past as Prologue?
Interests, Identity, and American Foreign Policy." International
Security 21 (4):89-125.
- Sagan, Scott D. 1996/97. "Why Do States
Build Nuclear Weapons? Three Models in Search of a Bomb." International
Security 21 (3):54-86.
- Sagan, Scott D. 1994. "The Perils of
Proliferation: Organization Theory, Deterrence Theory, and the Spread
of Nuclear Weapons." International Security 18 (4):66-
- Van Evera, Steven. 1998. "Offense, Defense,
and the Causes of War." International Security 22 (4):5-43.
- Waltz, Kenneth N. 1990. "Nuclear Myths
and Political Realities." American Political Science Review
Unofficial List, Security studies: recommended (UC student list 2004)
- Brooks, Stephen G. 1999. "The Globalization
of Production and the Benefits of Conquest." Journal of Conflict
Resolution 43 (5):646-670.
- Cha, Victor. 2002. "North Korea's Weapons
of Mass Destruction: Badges, Shields of Swords?" Political
Science Quarterly 117 (2):209-30.
- Christensen, Thomas J. 2001. "Posing
Problems Without Catching Up: China's Rise and Challenges for U.S.
Security Policy." International Security 25 (4):5-40.
- Glaser, Charles, and Steve Fetter. 2001. "National
Missile Defense and the Future of U.S. Nuclear Weapons Policy."
International Security 26 (1):40-92.
- Jervis, Robert. 1979/80. "Why Nuclear
Superiority Doesn't Matter." Political Science Quarterly
- Jervis, Robert. 2002. "Theories of War
in an Era of Leading-Power Peace: Presidential Address, American Political
Science Association, 2001." American Political Science Review
- Kang, David. 1994/95. "Preventive War
and North Korea." Security Studies 4 (2):330-364.
- Layne, Christopher. 1997. "From Preponderance
to Offshore Balancing." International Security 22 (1):86-124.
- Levy, Jack. 1987. "Declining Power and
the Preventive Motivation for War." World Politics 40:82-107.
- Mastanduno, Michael. 1997. "Preserving
the Unipolar Moment: Realist Theories and U.S. Grand Strategy after
the Cold War." International Security 21 (4):49-88.
- McSweeney, Bill. 1996. "Identity and
Security: Buzan and the Copenhagen School." Review of International
Studies 22 (1):81-93.
- Posen, Barry R. 1997. "US Nuclear Policy
in a Nuclear-Armed World: What if Iraq Had Had Nuclear Weapons."
Security Studies 6 (3):1-31.
- Posen, Barry R., and Andrew L. Ross. 1996/97.
"Competing Visions for U.S. Grand Strategy." International
Security 21 (3):5-53.
- Roy, Denny. 1994. "Hegemon on the Horizon?
China's Threat to East Asian Security." International Security
- Shambaugh, David. 1996. "Containment
or Engagement of China? Calculating Beijing's Responses." International
Security 21 (2):180-209.
- Walt, Stephen M. 1991. "The Renaissance
of Security Studies." International Studies Quarterly
- Jeffry Frieden, "Sectoral
Conflict and U.S. Foreign Economic Policy, 1914-1940," International
Organization 42 (Winter 1988), 59-90.
- Robert Gilpin, Global Political Economy:
Understanding the International Economic Order (Princeton, 2001).
- Judith Goldstein and Robert Keohane, eds., Ideas
and Foreign Policy (Cornell, 1993).
- John Goodman and Louis Pauly, "The Obsolescence
of Capital Controls?" World Politics 46 (October 1993),
- Peter Haas, ed., Knowledge, Power, and International
Policy Coordination (University of South Carolina Press, 1997).
- Michael J. Hiscox, International Trade and
Political Conflict: Commerce, Coalitions, and Mobility (Princeton,
- Miles Kahler and David Lake, eds., Governance
in a Global Economy (Princeton, 2003).
- Peter Katzenstein, Robert Keohane, and Stephen
Krasner, eds., Exploration and Contestation in the Study of World
Politics (MIT, 1999).
- Stephen D. Krasner, "Global Communications
and National Power: Life on the Pareto Frontier," World Politics
43 (April 1991), 336-366.
- Stephen D. Krasner, "State Power and the
Structure of Foreign Trade," World Politics 28 (April 1976),
- Andrew Moravcsik, The Choice for Europe:
Social Purpose and State Power from Messina to Maastricht (Cornell,
- John Gerard Ruggie, "International Regimes,
Transactions, and Change: Embedded Liberalism in the Postwar Economic
Order," International Organization 36 (Spring 1982), 379-415.
- Beth Simmons, Who Adjusts? Domestic Sources
of Foreign Economic Policy During the Interwar Years (Princeton,
- Arthur Stein, "The Hegemon's Dilemma: Great
Britain, the United States, and the International Economic Order,"
International Organization 38 (Spring 1984), 355-386.
- Jacob Viner, "Power Versus Plenty as Objectives
of Foreign Policy in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries,"
World Politics 1 (October 1948), 1-29.